HOW THE DF350A CAME TO BE
It’s no secret that there is a growing demand for more powerful outboard motors.These new outboards have, in turn, fueled a move to newer, larger boat designs that previously may have been powered by stern drive or inboard power.
So, as more powerful outboards are introduced, the boats get bigger and as the boats get bigger, outboards are getting more muscular. Suzuki embarked on a major engineering expedition to build the Ultimate 4-Stroke outboard.
Is The Sky The Limit?
Making more horsepower is no mystery. Increasing displacement, or the use of a turbocharger or supercharger, makes more horsepower. However, larger displacement engines typically burn more fuel, adding weight creates a wide range of problems for boats, and more complex mechanical components create reliability concerns.On top of all this, boat speed is ultimately limited by hull design, the hydrodynamics of the lower unit and propellers, and how the outboards are mounted.
In developing our new DF350A, we started with a blank sheet of paper, and considered all these factors in our design and engineering.
First, we looked at the traditional single propeller design. A single propeller creates forward thrust, to be sure, but also produces a significant amount of rotational energy as a byproduct. Was there a way we could convert this wasted energy into productive power and improve propeller efficiency?
Secondly, the leading edge of the gear case disrupts the flow of water over the propeller. More power and torque require stronger, larger gears to transfer power from the driveshaft to the propeller shaft.This typically results in a larger gear case – and consequently, more disruption of the flow of water to the propeller. Could we design a lower unit that could house stronger gears and yet minimize the disruption of the flow of water to the propellers?
Suzuki engineers labored mightily through years of computer simulations, trial and error, and on-water testing, to significantly improve the way an outboard converts engine power into underwater thrust.
They have succeeded in this quest – and the result is a revolution in innovation.
We call it Parting Seas (Geki kanji symbol..)
12.0:1 COMPRESSION RATIO
Our solution to developing 80 horsepower per liter in a V6 350 horsepower engine was to increase the compression ratio to 12.0:1, the highest compression ratio ever for a production outboard engine. In order to make this work without knocking (a typical problem at this ratio), we developed systems to mix cooler air with well-atomized fuel to provide optimal conditions for complete, and controlled combustion.
DIRECT INTAKE SYSTEM AND DUAL LOUVER SYSTEM
At high speed, water particles could be directed, trapped, and drained away.
Our experienced engineers worked on applying this theory to practice by increasing the intake flow to convert water vapor to particles and designing blades to capture and deflect those particles away from the intake flow. The Dual Louver System incorporates a double shield of blades, each one designed in a dog-leg shape. The outer row of blades removes the spray from the boat and the inner louvers capture and drain the remaining mist.
As a result, intake air temperature is free of moist and no higher than 10° above ambient.
Injecting fuel does two things, it atomizes the fuel and, incidentally, it cools the cylinder to minimize knock. To achieve the power we wanted, we needed to inject 100% of the fuel into the cylinder all at once, at a precise time, and at a precise angle to both cool the cylinder and to allow combustion to take place in the center of the combustion chamber.
The new Dual Injector System using two smaller injectors provided the required precision as well as improved atomization, increasing output by 3% without causing knocking.
The contra-rotating propeller provides more “grip” underwater, and because contra-rotating props distribute the engine torque evenly over two propellers, the torque per propeller decreases and gear diameter can be reduced. This makes a reduction in gear diameter possible, which could then lead to the design of a smaller, more hydrodynamic gear case.
PROPELLER BLADE DESIGN
A new three-blade front/three-blade back propeller set-up was developed that provided improved performance on the water. This new set up provided not only the highest recorded speeds for the DF350A, but also delivered incredible acceleration, even under heavy load and at high rotation speeds.
DUAL WATER INTAKES
On the DF350A, the best results were achieved when the main intake was positioned at the front of the gear case, with the secondary intake located just above the skeg. This was our ultimate solution to arranging the main and sub intakes as far apart from each other as possible, and designing them to ensure a reliable amount of cooling water, especially at high speeds.
DESIGNING STRONGER REVERSE THRUST
The gear material was changed and heat treatment was added to endure the added thrust and inertial mass from the reverse thrust, which was stronger on a contra-rotating propeller. In addition, the reverse gear was moved above the cavitation plate and the position of the lower engine mounts was modified from parallel to V-shape to fit the reverse gear above the cavitation plate.
BETTER STEERING IN ALL DIRECTIONS
Normally, when using multiple outboards a combination of standard and counter-rotating engines is mounted. The Suzuki Selective Rotation, available on our AP series outboards, eliminates the need for different models, as any model can be easily programmed to run in either direction. The DF350A’s contra-rotating propeller technology takes this process one step further by eliminating steering torque and maximizing true and straight propulsion forces.
Cutting Edge Technologies
SUZUKI DUAL PROP SYSTEM
The dual prop system efficiently turns 325 horsepower output into propulsion under water. As an added benefit, because each propeller rotates in a different direction, exceptional stability is achieved.
Dual injectors deliver just the right amount of fuel at just the right time into the cylinder. This dual injector contributes to higher output and better fuel efficiency.
Fuel efficiency matters whether you’re boating for pleasure or profit. Our Lean Burn Fuel Control Technology predicts fuel needs according to operating conditions, then delivers the optimum fuel/air mixture to the engine. The system is designed to save fuel both at low speeds and up into the cruising range.
2-STAGE GEAR REDUCTION
The DF325A outboard also incorporates a 2-Stage Gear Reduction which results in a large reduction gear ratio. It delivers powerful torque for quick acceleration and great top-end speed.
VARIABLE VALVE TIMING SYSTEM (VVT)
Variable Valve Timing is used to vary intake timing with the camshaft to optimize timing for low to mid-range operation. This allows the engine to deliver maximum power output across its entire operating range producing greater low to mid-range torque for powerful acceleration. The entire process happens automatically leaving you to enjoy the power and performance.
DUAL WATER INLET
The engine’s cooling system relies on water supplied through low water intakes located on the lower unit. Utilizing this dual low water inlet configuration increases water flow into the lower unit, delivering greater cooling efficiency. Positioning the forward inlet by the gear case nose delivers a greater water supply, especially at high speeds. The second inlet is also positioned lower allowing the DF325A to operate in shallow water.
SUZUKI DUAL LOUVER SYSTEM
The DF325A is equipped with a double louver at the air intake to remove water from the air taken into cowl. The double louver removes water from the air. Incorporating a direct intake system, Suzuki’s dual louver system contributes to higher engine output.
The Offset Driveshaft allows us to make our engines smaller by moving the outboard’s centre of gravity forward, while improving weight distribution, power output, balance and reducing vibration.
DIRECT AIR INTAKE
A new engine cover design provides the direct intake system with a smoother, cooler flow of air boosting engine operating efficiency.
SUZUKI PRECISION CONTROL (ELECTRONIC THROTTLE AND SHIFT SYSTEM)
Our sophisticated drive-by-wire system eliminates the friction and resistance of mechanical control cables. This gives smooth, precise control with crisp, immediate shifting, particularly at low revs and when maneuvering. The system can be configured with single, twin or triple installations, and for dual stations. Combined with our Lean Burn Control System, it helps improve fuel efficiency over a wide operating range.
SELF-ADJUSTING TIMING CHAIN
The timing chain runs in an oil-bath, so it never needs lubricating, and is equipped with an automatic hydraulic tensioner, so it remains properly adjusted at all times. Simple, effective and maintenance-free.
The location of oil filter is easy for maintenance.
HIGH COMPRESSION RATIO
12.0:1(Maximum compression ratio of SUZUKI outboards) The high compression ratio generates impressive performance and power output from the engine’s 4390㎤ displacement.
|Recommended Transom Height (inches)||X : 635 (25), XX : 762 (30)|
|Weight (lbs)||X : 330 (727), XX : 339 (747)|
|Engine Type||V6 - 55° DOHC 24-Valve|
|Valve Train Drive||Chain with Variable Valve Timing|
|Fuel Delivery System||Electronic Fuel Injection|
|No. Of Cylinders||6|
|Piston Displacement inches (cc)||4,390 (267.9)|
|Bore X Stroke Inches (mm)||98 (3.74) x 97 (3.82)|
|Maximum Output HP||257.4 (350)|
|Operating Range (RPM)||5,700 - 6,300|
|Oil Pan Capacity quarts (liter)||8.0 (8.5)|
|Engine Mounting||Shear Mount|
|Trim Position||Power Trim and Tilt|
|Gear Shift||F-N-R (Drive-by-Wire)|
|Exhaust||Through Prop Hub Exhaust|
|Propeller Selection||FRONT: 3×15 1/2×19.5-31.5 REAR: 3×15 1/2×19.5-31.5|